Photonics includes the generation, emission, transmission, modulation, signal processing, switching, amplification, detection and sensing of light.
Photonic and electronic devices are used in a variety of applications ranging from human-machine interfaces (e.g. image acquisition and displays) to energy conversion and storage, for example include solar cells, photodetectors, thin film transistors, sensors, and MEMS.
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Figure: Single organic dye molecules are deposited on dielectric nano photonic structures to be used as on-chip single photon sources. The figure shows a waveguide design to enable a single molecule to emit single photons in a unidirectional manner. [courtesy Jaesuk Hwang and Edward Hinds]